A Simple Plan:
October 24, 2020
Reasons We Should Have Botanic Conservation Gardens
Today we are losing plant diversity at an unprecedented rate leading to a concerning decrease in the ecosystem, this is mainly a result of destructive human activities. The reduced plant cover we are facing in the world to is hugely contributed by our ferocious activities such as over-harvesting and over-exploitation, use of exotic plant specious, land-use change, urbanization, environmental pollution and other activities that are not environmentally conscious. Plants play a vital role in our lives given that they are responsible for cleaning the air we breathe, source of food, medicine as well source of beauty and home to many animal species, therefore, we need to up our efforts to design integrative approaches that are focused on plant conservation particularly the rare species that are facing extinction. To ensure survival and protection of endangered plant species, universities, research institutions, and private entities have turned on botanic gardens which plays a central role in protection and conservation of these plant species both for human and research purpose. Plant botanic gardens have many roles besides protection of endangered plant species and for scientific studies to learn more keep reading the article.
The primary importance of plant botanical gardens is to protect, conserve and diversify plant species particularly the endangered plant species, today there are an estimated 2500 plant botanical gardens worldwide with over 6 million accessions of living plants, this is a significant number of species and it is said to represent about a quarter of the world vascular plant species, this is important because it helps in conserving the endangered plant species and diversification of global plant biodiversity which counters plant lose contributed by human activities and climate changes.
Plant botanical gardens are at the heart of many branches of scientific research, this is because they provide a variety of species from which scientists can get valuable information by collecting data that can help them understand things such as phonological indications due to climate change, plant-animal interactions, plant physiology of variety of species many more data that can help them devise improved species or new farming tactics. Another benefit of plant botanic conservation is that it has a variety of plant species that allow scientists to compare a variety of plant functional characteristics such as trade-offs between species traits and plant performance.
Plant botanic conservation are important in/ex situ conservation and utilization, given that there estimated 6 million accessions in botanical gardens with over 80 thousand plant species it provides an excellent opportunity to understand the threatened species, furthermore the ex-situ conservation which means conservation of biological diversity from their natural habitat has contributed greatly in protection, maintaining and support of threatened plant species. Those are some major roles of plant botanic conservation gardens, however, they are also involved in spreading awareness to the public about threatened plant species and the importance of protecting the earth’s plant cover.